An Indian Civilizational Perspective

Jana Gana Mana, the Indian National Anthem was an Ode to British Empire!!

I had read about this earlier, but this forwarded email explains the meaning of each stanza real well… and brings out the truth behind the Indian National Anthem. Another action of Nehru and company under the very nose (or guidance?) of Gandhi to make Indians slaves of Colonial rule mindset forever! It is sad how those people made a mockery of our freedom and choices that were offered to them.

Jana Gana Mana" – Just a thought for the National Anthem!

How well do you know about it?

I have always wondered who is the " adhinayak" and "bharat bhagya vidhata",whose praise we are singing. I thought might be Motherland India ! Our current National Anthem "Jana Gana Mana" is sung throughout the country.

Did you know the following about our national anthem, I didn’t.

To begin with, India ‘s national anthem, Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, was written by Rabindranath Tagore in honour of King George V and the Queen of England when they visited India in 1919.

To honour their visit Pandit Motilal Nehru had the five stanzas included , which are in praise of the King and Queen. (And most of us think it is in the praise of our great motherland!! !)

In the original Bengali verses only those provinces that were under British rule, i.e . Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat , Maratha etc.were mentioned. None of the princely states were recognized which are integral parts of India now Kashmir, Rajasthan, Andhra, Mysore or Kerala.

Neither the Indian Ocean nor the Arabian Sea was included, since they were directly under Portuguese rule at that time. The Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka implies that King George V is the lord of the masses and Bharata Bhagya Vidhata is "the bestower of good fortune".

Following is a translation of the five stanzas that glorify the King:

First stanza: (Indian) People wake up remembering your good name and ask for your blessings and they sing your glories. (Tava shubha name jaage; tava shubha aashish maage, gaaye tava jaya gaatha)

Second stanza: Around your throne people of all religions come and give
their love and anxiously wait to hear your kind words.

Third stanza: Praise to the King for being the charioteer, for leading the ancient travelers beyond misery.

Fourth stanza: Drowned in the deep ignorance and suffering, poverty-stricken, unconscious country? Waiting for the wink of your eye and your mother’s (the Queen’s) true protection.

Fifth stanza: In your compassionate plans, the sleeping Bharat ( India ) will wake up. We bow down to your feet O’ Queen, and glory to Rajeshwara (the King).

This whole poem does not indicate any love for the Motherland but depicts a bleak picture. When you sing Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, whom are you glorifying? Certainly not the Motherland. Is it God? The poem does not indicate that.It is time now to understand the original purpose and the implication of this, rather than blindly sing as has been done the past fifty years.

Nehru chose the present national anthem as opposed to Vande Mataram because he thought that it would be easier for the band to play!!! It was an absurd reason but Today for that matter bands have advanced and they can very well play any music. So they can as well play Vande Mataram, which is a far better composition in praise of our Dear Motherland – India. Wake up, it’s high time! Shouldn’t Vande Mataram be our National Anthem.

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21 Comments
  1. Desh says

    I got an email from an alumni who replied to the earlier mail by one person who sent in the “original meaning” of the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana. This second email cites a letter by Tagore himself who explains himself:

    While I agree that there is some controversy about whether the song was written in praise of British crown or not, this is what Tagore had to say about it:In a letter to Pulin Behari Sen, Tagore himself wrote:

    “A certain high official in His Majesty’s service, who was also my friend, had requested that I write a song of felicitation towards the Emperor. The request simply amazed me. It caused a great stir in my heart. In response to that great mental turmoil, I pronounced the victory in Jana Gana Mana of that Bhagya Vidhata [ed. God of Destiny] of India who has from age after age held steadfast the reins of India’s chariot through rise and fall, through the straight path and the curved. That Lord of Destiny, that Reader of the Collective Mind of India, that Perennial Guide, could never be George V, George VI, or any other George. Even my official friend understood this about the song. After all, even if his admiration for the crown was excessive, he was not lacking in simple common sense.”

    Vande Matram is no less controversial. Whether we like it or not and believe it or not, it has communal undertones that can’t be ignored in a secular country. Witness for example:While Vande Mataram was treated as the National Anthem of India for long, ultimately Jana Gana Mana, was chosen as the National Anthem of independent India. The song was rejected on the grounds that Muslims felt offended by its depiction of the nation as “Mother Durga”—a Hindu goddess— thus equating the nation with the Hindu conception of shakti, divine feminine dynamic force; and by its origin as part of Anandamath, a novel they felt had an anti-Muslim message.In 1937 the Indian National congress discussed at length the status of the song. It was pointed out then that though the first two stanzas began with an unexceptionable evocation of the beauty of the motherland, in later stanzas there are references where the motherland is likened to the Hindu goddess Durga. Therefore, the Congress decided to adopt only the first two stanzas as the national song.

    In his letter to Subhas Chandra Bose (1937) Rabindranath wrote,

    “The core of Vande Mataram is a hymn to goddess Durga: this is so plain that there can be no debate about it. Of course Bankim does show Durga to be inseparably united with Bengal in the end, but no Mussulman [Muslim] can be expected patriotically to worship the ten-handed deity as ‘Swadesh’ [the nation]. This year many of the special [Durga] Puja numbers of our magazines have quoted verses from Vande Mataram – proof that the editors take the song to be a hymn to Durga. The novel Anandamath is a work of literature, and so the song is appropriate in it. But Parliament is a place of union for all religious groups, and there the song cannot be appropriate. When Bengali Mussulmans show signs of stubborn fanaticism, we regard these as intolerable. When we too copy them and make unreasonable demands, it will be self-defeating.”

  2. Desh says

    I got an email from an alumni who replied to the earlier mail by one person who sent in the “original meaning” of the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana. This second email cites a letter by Tagore himself who explains himself:

    While I agree that there is some controversy about whether the song was written in praise of British crown or not, this is what Tagore had to say about it:In a letter to Pulin Behari Sen, Tagore himself wrote:

    “A certain high official in His Majesty’s service, who was also my friend, had requested that I write a song of felicitation towards the Emperor. The request simply amazed me. It caused a great stir in my heart. In response to that great mental turmoil, I pronounced the victory in Jana Gana Mana of that Bhagya Vidhata [ed. God of Destiny] of India who has from age after age held steadfast the reins of India’s chariot through rise and fall, through the straight path and the curved. That Lord of Destiny, that Reader of the Collective Mind of India, that Perennial Guide, could never be George V, George VI, or any other George. Even my official friend understood this about the song. After all, even if his admiration for the crown was excessive, he was not lacking in simple common sense.”

    Vande Matram is no less controversial. Whether we like it or not and believe it or not, it has communal undertones that can’t be ignored in a secular country. Witness for example:While Vande Mataram was treated as the National Anthem of India for long, ultimately Jana Gana Mana, was chosen as the National Anthem of independent India. The song was rejected on the grounds that Muslims felt offended by its depiction of the nation as “Mother Durga”—a Hindu goddess— thus equating the nation with the Hindu conception of shakti, divine feminine dynamic force; and by its origin as part of Anandamath, a novel they felt had an anti-Muslim message.In 1937 the Indian National congress discussed at length the status of the song. It was pointed out then that though the first two stanzas began with an unexceptionable evocation of the beauty of the motherland, in later stanzas there are references where the motherland is likened to the Hindu goddess Durga. Therefore, the Congress decided to adopt only the first two stanzas as the national song.

    In his letter to Subhas Chandra Bose (1937) Rabindranath wrote,

    “The core of Vande Mataram is a hymn to goddess Durga: this is so plain that there can be no debate about it. Of course Bankim does show Durga to be inseparably united with Bengal in the end, but no Mussulman [Muslim] can be expected patriotically to worship the ten-handed deity as ‘Swadesh’ [the nation]. This year many of the special [Durga] Puja numbers of our magazines have quoted verses from Vande Mataram – proof that the editors take the song to be a hymn to Durga. The novel Anandamath is a work of literature, and so the song is appropriate in it. But Parliament is a place of union for all religious groups, and there the song cannot be appropriate. When Bengali Mussulmans show signs of stubborn fanaticism, we regard these as intolerable. When we too copy them and make unreasonable demands, it will be self-defeating.”

  3. Anonymous says

    We should stop all this rubbish at once. When there are so many christian and muslim nations where non-christians and non-muslims can go, work and live peacefully inspite of those nations religious character then what is wrong in India being a Hindu Nation. We are more worried of feelings of non-Hindus then of Hindus. Where on the face of Earth is there a Hindu Nation? After selling our values and Nation to Non-Hindus where are we going to go. There are Muslim nations for Muslims and Christian Nations for Christians to go if they are kicked out of India but where the Hindu will go. Lakhs of Hindus have been kicked out of Kashmir by Muslims, but no one cares for them. But when few hundred Muslims suffer in Gujarat then we Hindus create so much noise. From Centuries Hindus are suffering in the hands of Non-Hindus but even after Indenpendence we have not learnt a lesson and are still playing the dangerous game of secularism just to appease the Non-Hindus. Hindus population is decreasing by 1% each year but Christian and Muslims are multiplying. Christians are multiplying like Virus (A Virus multiplies by converting host cells to Virus) and Muslims are multiplying like Bacteria (A Bacteria multiplies by multiplying itself and destroying the host cells). We Hindus are so disgraceful that HINDUS are the biggest ENEMY of HINDUS. All the Hindus ruling India are ruining the future of Hindus by their appeasement policy towards non-Hindus. There is no future for Hindus in INDIA.

    from:
    anil_patil1973@yahoo.co.uk

  4. satisp says

    Comments by Mr.Patil Anil here (anil_patil1973@yahoo.co.uk) are highly communal & objectionable. Where was he or his fathers at th time of freedom fight against British? By his email id he is still British gulam. Does he know Hinduism is no religeon but is greatest culture of India from which many countries copied.India was greatest teacher to every mankind everywhere.But because of such nuts Like Anil Patil India didnot progress well except copying West.For his information Nepal is only Hindu country in world. India is secular.

  5. satisp says

    Comments by Mr.Patil Anil here (anil_patil1973@yahoo.co.uk) are highly communal & objectionable. Where was he or his fathers at th time of freedom fight against British? By his email id he is still British gulam. Does he know Hinduism is no religeon but is greatest culture of India from which many countries copied.India was greatest teacher to every mankind everywhere.But because of such nuts Like Anil Patil India didnot progress well except copying West.For his information Nepal is only Hindu country in world. India is secular.

  6. sarabjot says

    India is a secular country and jerks like patil cant destroy its purity…
    Let me remind u dat HINDUS were not the only ones who were a part of our freedom struggle…
    It was fought by people of all religions be it SIKHS,MUSLIMS etc.
    So we dont need people like sitting in UK making such racist comments…

  7. sarabjot says

    India is a secular country and jerks like patil cant destroy its purity…
    Let me remind u dat HINDUS were not the only ones who were a part of our freedom struggle…
    It was fought by people of all religions be it SIKHS,MUSLIMS etc.
    So we dont need people like sitting in UK making such racist comments…

  8. Azadi says

    What a joker is this anil patel ??? Christians in India can go to christian countries, wow what a remarkable observation! Why always such idiots are still alive in INDIA or even born in INDIA??

  9. Azadi says

    What a joker is this anil patel ??? Christians in India can go to christian countries, wow what a remarkable observation! Why always such idiots are still alive in INDIA or even born in INDIA??

  10. Anonymous says

    hello mr. azadi.. are you azadi or barbadi… cant u even just think a simple thing… whenever we hindus want to defend our real stands some people like you really interpret it as a secularism.. just see the other side too.. but i will say you a very real concept of hindus are yuga concept. as this is kaliyuga people like u in dark are very common..

  11. Anonymous says

    hello mr. azadi.. are you azadi or barbadi… cant u even just think a simple thing… whenever we hindus want to defend our real stands some people like you really interpret it as a secularism.. just see the other side too.. but i will say you a very real concept of hindus are yuga concept. as this is kaliyuga people like u in dark are very common..

  12. SriGanesh says

    Friends,
    Mr.Patil is correct from the very beginning. “whenever we Hindus want to defend our real stands some people like you really interpret it as a secularism..”

    I do agree with this.

    No body is watching the vanishing side of the Hindus. In another 20 years India will surely be a slave under Muslims if India remains secular country and that too forcibly by these politicians.
    When a party supports Hindu, it is called a religious party. But if any political party supports minority community alone, it is a secularist party. hahaha…..Is this is called secular country?

    Hey Hindus… Stop voting these secularist party for a period of time. They will suddenly start supporting Hindus and Developing them.

    Think. Why Indians alone are attacked in all parts of the world? Autralia, Srilanka, Malaysia etc,. What will happen if these countries attack a single muslim?

    Try to be in Unity, Hindus. You have lived in this holy country. If you want your younger generation survive in this country dont let india be a secular country.

    Today, muslims said they will not sing VANDEMATHARAM since it is anti-islamic.
    Tomorrow they will say “we dont want any Indians to rule India. This is anti-islamic. We should be under an islamic
    ruler” What you are going to do at that time?
    By that muslims will be 50% in India.

  13. SriGanesh says

    Friends,
    Mr.Patil is correct from the very beginning. “whenever we Hindus want to defend our real stands some people like you really interpret it as a secularism..”

    I do agree with this.

    No body is watching the vanishing side of the Hindus. In another 20 years India will surely be a slave under Muslims if India remains secular country and that too forcibly by these politicians.
    When a party supports Hindu, it is called a religious party. But if any political party supports minority community alone, it is a secularist party. hahaha…..Is this is called secular country?

    Hey Hindus… Stop voting these secularist party for a period of time. They will suddenly start supporting Hindus and Developing them.

    Think. Why Indians alone are attacked in all parts of the world? Autralia, Srilanka, Malaysia etc,. What will happen if these countries attack a single muslim?

    Try to be in Unity, Hindus. You have lived in this holy country. If you want your younger generation survive in this country dont let india be a secular country.

    Today, muslims said they will not sing VANDEMATHARAM since it is anti-islamic.
    Tomorrow they will say “we dont want any Indians to rule India. This is anti-islamic. We should be under an islamic
    ruler” What you are going to do at that time?
    By that muslims will be 50% in India.

  14. SASSOTO says

    Jana Gana Mana was NOT written for King George V by a patriot like Tagore who also wrote patriotic poems like “Where the mind is without fear” and “Ekla Chalo Re”.

    In protest of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre,he without any fear of repercussion denounced the knighthood offered to him by the same King George V for winning the Nobel Prize

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J

  15. SASSOTO says

    The supporters of the nationalist message of Jana Gana Mana claim that “King”,”Throne” and “chariot” refer to the Almighty (for e.g. Lord Krishna from Bhagvad Gita) who will lead India to freedom. “Ma” on the other hand is more likely to refer to “The Motherland” i.e. India, than King George V’s mother- The Queen. In Amar Sonar Bangla, the national anthem of Bangladesh, Tagore has used the word “ma” and “mata” numerous times to refer to the motherland. In his deeply mystic book “Gitanjali” (an offering of songs to the God) Tagore has used the same metaphor of God as “King”:-

    Poem #50: “I had gone a-begging from door to door in the village path when thy golden chariot appeared in the distance like a gorgeous dream and i wondered who was this King of all Kings!”

    The following phrases ignored by the proponents of the King George V controversy strengthen credibility of Jana Gana Mana’s patriotic message:-

    Stanza 1:”Jana gana mangaldayako” The saving of all people waits in thy hand. Saving from what? Obviously British imperialism.

    Stanza 2: The call of the Lord (not the King or Queen)is announced in every Indian home continuously in their prayers. He brings “Oikyo” i.e unity of the people to gain freedom.

    Stanza 3: “Jugo Dhabito Jaatri”(Pilgrims of the ages)are those who follow the path leading to god, not to some King or Queen of British Empire. Similarly “Biplabo” i.e. fierce revolution is our freedom struggle. This is a path of sacrifice and only God can protect from fear and misery (Sankato Dukho).

    Stanza 4: Through nightmares and fears, our mother i.e. motherland protected us in her lap, not the Queen.

    Stanza 5″Nidrito Bharato Jaagey” (Sleeping India awakens). This phrase has been used at least once by every nationalist poet to awaken the masses for revolution against British Imperialism. The “Supreme King” makes a mockery of King George V in the sense that the protector of India is a king above all mortal kings.

  16. SASSOTO says

    Jana Gana Mana was NOT written for King George V by a patriot like Tagore who also wrote patriotic poems like “Where the mind is without fear” and “Ekla Chalo Re”.

    In protest of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre,he without any fear of repercussion denounced the knighthood offered to him by the same King George V for winning the Nobel Prize

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jana_Gana_Mana#Controversies_and_counter-arguments

  17. SASSOTO says

    The supporters of the nationalist message of Jana Gana Mana claim that “King”,”Throne” and “chariot” refer to the Almighty (for e.g. Lord Krishna from Bhagvad Gita) who will lead India to freedom. “Ma” on the other hand is more likely to refer to “The Motherland” i.e. India, than King George V’s mother- The Queen. In Amar Sonar Bangla, the national anthem of Bangladesh, Tagore has used the word “ma” and “mata” numerous times to refer to the motherland. In his deeply mystic book “Gitanjali” (an offering of songs to the God) Tagore has used the same metaphor of God as “King”:-

    Poem #50: “I had gone a-begging from door to door in the village path when thy golden chariot appeared in the distance like a gorgeous dream and i wondered who was this King of all Kings!”

    The following phrases ignored by the proponents of the King George V controversy strengthen credibility of Jana Gana Mana’s patriotic message:-

    Stanza 1:”Jana gana mangaldayako” The saving of all people waits in thy hand. Saving from what? Obviously British imperialism.

    Stanza 2: The call of the Lord (not the King or Queen)is announced in every Indian home continuously in their prayers. He brings “Oikyo” i.e unity of the people to gain freedom.

    Stanza 3: “Jugo Dhabito Jaatri”(Pilgrims of the ages)are those who follow the path leading to god, not to some King or Queen of British Empire. Similarly “Biplabo” i.e. fierce revolution is our freedom struggle. This is a path of sacrifice and only God can protect from fear and misery (Sankato Dukho).

    Stanza 4: Through nightmares and fears, our mother i.e. motherland protected us in her lap, not the Queen.

    Stanza 5″Nidrito Bharato Jaagey” (Sleeping India awakens). This phrase has been used at least once by every nationalist poet to awaken the masses for revolution against British Imperialism. The “Supreme King” makes a mockery of King George V in the sense that the protector of India is a king above all mortal kings.

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  21. Sukanya Ghosh says

    A truely beautiful piece of art can be completely corrupted
    with distorted references.

    It is only natural that Rabindranath Tagore’s family being the founder of the
    “Brahmo Samaj”,he would invoke Lord Krishna or the Supremely Devine
    being in innumerable songs and poetry written by him..

    The Eternal Charioteer sounding the conchshell ,refers to Lord Krishna sounding
    his conch shell marking the commencement of the battle of Mahabharata.

    “Khelichho kon Bishyaloye ,Ogadho Shishu, ano mone.”-again one song
    singing the praises in simple amazement of the infinite child playing by
    himself in his nursery of the universe..this conjures in mind the image of baal
    Gopal…the universe is his playground.

    The mother referred to towards the end is Motherland “Bharat Mata”.

    Again Ravindranath in innumerable songs, have sung of the beloved, fertile
    “mother land” whose complexion is “golden” as her plenty
    harvest (wheat, rice) ripens under benevolent gaze of the Devine.

    The stanzas also vividly describe the condition and the circumstances of the
    Indian people at the time of the Bristish Rule.

    Literatures of Great authors have layers and layers of meaning.

    The levels of great art always go deeper and higher.

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